Foot and Ankle

Anatomy of the Foot and Ankle

Our feet are critical to mobility, and therefore take on a great deal of stress during our normal activities. For this reason, it is extremely important to take good care of our feet.

The foot consists of 28 bones, 35 joints, 3 arteries, 4 veins and 5 nerves. Because it is such a complex structure, there are a number of different problems that can affect the feet. Our foot and ankle specialists at Seaview are highly skilled in a number of different treatments and procedures to help with foot and ankle conditions, including the latest developments in orthopaedic surgery. With over 40 years of combined experience, you can trust that our foot and ankle specialists will help you get back on your feet.

Common Foot Injuries and Conditions

Achilles Tendinitis

Achilles tendinitis is a very common injury of the lower extremities, particularly among runners. In some cases, the tendon may even tear, requiring surgical intervention. At Seaview, our highly skilled foot and ankle surgeons can help you get back to your normal activities with both nonsurgical and surgical treatment options, including minimally invasive techniques.

Ankle Arthritis

Ankle arthritis is a degenerative condition (also known as osteoarthritis) that can cause pain, stiffness, and disability of the ankles. Over time, the protective cartilage in the ankle begins to wear away, eventually causing the bones in the ankle to rub against each other. Ankle arthritis can be just as disabling as hip arthritis, but it is not as well-known as other types of arthritis.

Ankle Fractures

Ankle Fractures are among the most common types of fractures, particularly in the lower extremities. Ankle fractures can occur in a variety of different manners, but most often occur when people twist or roll their ankles while tripping or falling.

Ankle Sprain

Ankle sprains are one of the most common ankle injuries, and one that we treat regularly at Seaview. Initial treatment is often nonsurgical, but our foot and ankle specialists also offer surgical treatment options if chronic ankle instability occurs as the result of an ankle sprain.


Bunions, a deformity at the base of the big toe, are one of the most common conditions that affect the feet. Bunions can cause pain and discomfort, and may get worse over time without treatment. Bunions can only be corrected with surgery, but we also offer nonsurgical treatment options to help alleviate pain and discomfort.

Diabetic Foot Care

Patients with diabetes often develop foot problems due to chronic nerve damage that dulls sensation in the feet. Proper foot care is extremely important for these patients to avoid serious infections. Regular inspections and custom orthotics can help prevent infections and alleviate diabetic foot problems.

Flat Feet

You have flat feet when the arch on the inside of your feet is flattened, allowing your entire foot to touch the floor when you stand up. A common and usually painless condition, flat feet may occur when the arches don’t develop during childhood. In other cases, flat feet may be caused by an injury or from the simple wear and tear stresses of age. Flat feet can sometimes cause problems in your ankles and knees because the condition can force your ankles to turn inward and this throws off the alignment of your legs. If you aren’t experiencing any pain, no treatment is usually necessary for flat feet. However, symptoms can indicate tendon injury that will progress and cause osteoarthritis of the foot so an evaluation of flat feet is essential.

Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis is a common cause of heel pain and is often caused by overuse. Our foot and ankle specialists at Seaview offer a full range of treatments to alleviate heel pain, including custom orthotics, injections, high energy ultrasound, and surgical intervention.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid Arthritis can have significant effects on the feet and the ankle. The foot is commonly the first structure affected by rheumatoid arthritis. These range from swelling of the toe joints to severe destruction of the joints of the foot and the ankle. The process of joint inflammation begins with an inflammation of the lining of the joints called the capsule. As the capsule becomes inflamed, the joint fills with fluid and becomes painful. The cartilage lining of the joint then wears and becomes severely damaged. Treatment can be anything from shoe wear modification to joint fusion or even joint replacement.


The primary purpose of shoes is to protect your feet and prevent injury. Poorly fitted shoes can cause discomfort, injury, and permanent deformity. Understanding the components of a shoe and the proper fit can help you make sensible shoe purchases. The most important quality to look for in shoes is durable construction and a good fit.

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Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle